Posted by Fulvio June 14, 2001 Translation by Larry Ray
NUg translator's note: Our good friend and associate, Gianluca Padovan, is a principal speleological explorer, researcher and historian whose work is published in numerous respected scientific papers. Here is a translation of a recently published Congress held in Massa, Italy in 2007 whose work has just been published in the prestigious BAR International British Archaeological Review Journal. Below are selected papers from the Third Official proceedings of the Italian National Congress on Archaeology of the Underground convened in Massa, Italy 5-7 October, 2007. Fulvio Salvi represented Naples and Napoliunderground.org with his presentation which included a slide presentation of the astounding WWII air raid shelters running beneath Naples which were converted by the ruling Mussolini Fascist government from hundreds from gigantic cavities left from underground quarried tufa sandstone. Fulvio's report is also published as Article number 2) in the BAR International Series 2011. The report's ISBN number is provided below for those wishing to purchase a reference copy.
Archeology of underground bomb shelters: Use of existing Hypogea, ancient and modern for civil defense and protection, Massa 5-7 October 2007 edited by Roberto Basilico, Maria Antonietta Breda, Gianluca Padovan. ISBN 978 1 4073 0776 3. £50.00. x+302 pages; illustrated throughout. Papers in Italian with English abstracts.
The study and registration of artificial cavities means the documentation of underground structures. Just as man began creating buildings on the surface of the earth, over the course of time, he also dug beneath the surface thus creating new subterranean spaces and structures which remain essentially intact, and which can be studied, restored and even utilized. In fact there exists an underground heritage, consisting of structures both excavated and structures once at surface level which became buried and part of the underground over the passing of time. The interpretation and understanding of such structures is a source of interesting information about our past, and its comparison with the present. This series was created under the aegis of the Federazione Nazionale Cavità Artificiali (F.N.C.A.) . . . The National Federation of Artificial Cavities.
The aim is to create a base for the disclosure of relevant, scientific research studies, whether monographs, the works of various authors or documentation from conferences and conventions and a series of easily utilized tools that can be consulted for the development of artificial cavity research. Contents:
1) The air-raid shelters used in the two world wars in Ancona (Alberto Recanatini);
2) "The providential resources of the metropolis of five thousand caves ..." (Fulvio Salvi) ed note: History and description and photos of Naples' shelters beneath the city used in WWII.
3) Air-raid shelters at the Muggiano (La Spezia) shipyard: structural survey and archival research (Susanna Ognibene)
4) The merged Garza - Bartlett - concealed below the Palazzo della Loggia in Brescia: the re-use as a refuge (Andrea Busi);
5) Cataloging submerged archaeological reality: air-raid shelters in Milan in ancient and modern structures (Maria Antonietta Breda, Claudia Ninni, Gianluca Padovan);
6) Politecnico di Milano: industrial archeology and sources for the study of building security industry's anti-aircraft (Maria Antonietta Breda);
7) The technical and passive air defense of the province: the cellars of Saronno. Engineer Ugo Brebbia (Alessandro Merlotti);
8) The reuse of the tombs at Orte and Viterbo in Old San Lorenzo (Roberto Basilico, Gianluca Padovan, Alessandro Verdiani);
9) The air-raid shelters for public use of in Massa (Gianluca Padovan).
The book cover