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Translated Jeff Matthews

ELLIPSES & CIRCLES

Observing the land and surroundings in which we live

The circular city of Klialb-Darâb (Citadel of Darius)

In the region of Fars in south-western Iran stands the ancient city of Klialb-Darâb, near the modern town of Darab and less than one km south of the city of Jamsi. Klialb-Darâb is considered one of the most ancient cites in Iran, and tradition holds that it was founded by the king of Persia, Darius I (521-485 BC).

It is a considerable piece of construction. Consider that the external trench or moat that surrounds the site has a diameter of 1850 meters.

French scholars in the 1800s visited the site and left us this description: “...you see an isolated rock surrounded by other prominent elevated points in the terrain, all together of great circumference and cut at intervals by wide gaps. This site is named Klialb-Darab or citadel of Darius. The isolated rock in the middle of the plain serves as a landmark in order to find these inconspicuous ruins, and it seems, indeed, to have been the center of a large circular fortification. Wide ditches had been dug round about, and the land was built up inside so as to form high embankment walls. The ditches were filled with water, because, although they are now partly filled in, we still found submerged portions at a considerable depth. The circular walls do not show signs of construction.” (Flandin E., Coste P., Voyage en Perse, volume II, Paris 1852, p. 367).

The 19th-century drawings that accompany the text, indeed, let us marvel at the layout of the city with the rocky projections soaring up to give us a sense of the atmosphere of those ancient times.

Klialb-Darâb may be seen from above, for example, on Google Maps as well as other systems at these coordinates: 28°41’25.1” N – 54°28’40.5” E

Gianluca Padovan (Ass.ne S.C.A.M. – F.N.C.A.)

Click on image to enlarge


Klialb-Darâb, da Flandin E., Coste P., Voyage en  Perse.

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