ELLIPSES & CIRCLES
Observing the land and surroundings in which we live
A large Celtic city on German territory
Translated Jeff Matthews
The modern German city of Manching lies on both sides of the Paar river, a tributary of the Danube, 7 km southeast of Ingolstadt in Bavaria. The city is partially on the site of an ancient settlement. In pre-Roman times a large circular city was founded on the right bank of the river. The city was about 2350 meter in diameter and was laid out along two main axes. The section corresponding to today's Geisenfelder-Str. 62-66 was one of the most important centers in the territory in the 3rd century BC.
Archaeological studies started in the 19th century and received a notable boost in 1936 during the construction of the airport when a section of wall and a number dwellings were discovered. Thanks to precise stratigraphic excavation, archaeologists found “a building scheme distinctly divided into at least two or three phases; one notes large complexes with long structures as well as straight rows of smaller houses. The panorama is completed by the presence of cultural structures, squares and complexes of simple dwellings with magazines” (Maier F., “L'oppidum di Manching”, in AA.VV., I Celti, Bompiani, Milano 1991, p. 530). Archaeologists also found underground tombs. Satellite images reveal even today, in spite of urbanization, large sections of the original embankments.
Manching may be viewed from above on Google Maps at these coordinates: 48°43’00.6” N – 11°30’44.0” E (Google Maps: 48.716835, 11.512223).
Gianluca Padovan (Ass.ne S.C.A.M. – F.N.C.A.)
Click on image to enlarge
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