Translated Jeff Matthews
This German term literally means a house made out of tree-trunks. By extension, the term also refers to a defensive work, originally constructed from tree trunks and surrounded by a small trench or by accessory defences, for protection of a garrison. The first examples date back to the American War of Independence (1778).
Since the 19th century the term has been used [trans. note: In Italian, not in German or English] to designate a guardhouse (also guard shack, etc.), or, generically, a casemate, even with underground sections. [trans. note: In the original German sense of a house made of tree trunks, the common English term is 'log house'.]
Padovan Gianluca (ed. ), Archaeology of the Subsoil. Lectures and studies of artificial cavities. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1416, Oxford 2005.
Basilico Roberto et alii, Italian Cadastre of Artificial Cavities. Part 1. (Including introductory comments and a classification), B.A.R. International Series 1599, Oxford 2007.
Gianluca Padovan (Associazione S.C.A.M. – Federazione Nazionale Cavità Artificiali)
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