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Translated Jeff Matthews

Corona and covalo (or covelo): these terms indicate small fortifications built either in a cave or on ample shelves beneath an overhanging rock face, such as, for example, the Rocca Cronmetz, better known as the Castel San Gottardo in Mezzocorona (Trento).

In the Istrian karst areas at higher elevation we also occasionally find similar cave structures such as the tabr, built in the 15th and 16th century. They were inexpensive to build but were an effective defense of property and persons in case of Turkish incursions.

References:

Padovan Gianluca (ed. ), Archaeology of the Subsoil. Lectures and studies of artificial cavities. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1416, Oxford 2005.

Basilico Roberto et alii, Italian Cadastre of Artificial Cavities. Part 1. (Including introductory comments and a classification), B.A.R. International Series 1599, Oxford 2007.

Gianluca Padovan (Associazione S.C.A.M. – Federazione Nazionale Cavità Artificiali)

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The ruins of the castle San Gottardo
Photo di Llorenzi taken from wikipedia

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