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Translated Jeff Matthews

[trans. note: Maloppo is the general Italian synonym for what is elsewhere herein described under blocco.] It is the visible part (or parts) of a modern cave fortification or casemate, furnished with loop-holes and connected among one another by underground passages. After the Great War, by extension the term came to indicate any individual emplacement supporting arms such as machine guns or cannon. [trans. note: often in the English sense of “nest” as in a 'machine gun nest'.]

There are various examples of the malloppo present in the Alpune Valley, built in northern Italy in the interval between the two world wars: in Trentino Alto Adige, such construction continued until 1943.

references:

Padovan Gianluca (ed. ), Archaeology of the Subsoil. Lectures and studies of artificial cavities. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1416, Oxford 2005.

Basilico Roberto et alii, Italian Cadastre of Artificial Cavities. Part 1. (Including introductory comments and a classification), B.A.R. International Series 1599, Oxford 2007.

Gianluca Padovan (Associazione S.C.A.M. – Federazione Nazionale Cavità Artificiali)

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Bagnaschino D., Il Vallo Alpino a Cima Marta

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