Translated Jeff Matthews
This is a well-shaft constructed during the course of a siege or when there is a shortage of building material. It is built to dimensions that are smaller than usual to reach the level at which a countermine has to be excavated: “it had an internal width limited to about 80 centimeters and opened onto the terrain after having placed a rectangular crossette or “ear” as was done with ordinary wells” (Bevilacqua P., Zannoni F., Mastri da muro e piccapietre al servizio del Duca. Cronaca della costruzione delle gallerie che salvarono Torino, Giancarlo Zedde, Torino 2006, p. 36).
Padovan Gianluca (ed. ), Archaeology of the Subsoil. Lectures and studies of artificial cavities. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1416, Oxford 2005.
Basilico Roberto et alii, Italian Cadastre of Artificial Cavities. Part 1. (Including introductory comments and a classification), B.A.R. International Series 1599, Oxford 2007.
Gianluca Padovan (Associazione S.C.A.M. – Federazione Nazionale Cavità Artificiali)
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