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Translated Jeff Matthews

These are structure built with reenforced concrete for the purpose of protecting military submarines. For all intents and purposes, these U-Boat bunkers are bombproof air-raid shelters. During WWII the Germans built a number of them, such as the submarine base at La Pallice (the primary port of La Rochelle), which could accommodate ten U-boats at the same time. The largest bases, however, those in France along the west coast could hold 20 submarines and were equipped with dry-docks, magazines, munitions storage deposits, etc.

references:

Padovan Gianluca (ed. ), Archaeology of the Subsoil. Lectures and studies of artificial cavities. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1416, Oxford 2005.

Basilico Roberto et alii, Italian Cadastre of Artificial Cavities. Part 1. (Including introductory comments and a classification), B.A.R. International Series 1599, Oxford 2007.

Gianluca Padovan (Associazione S.C.A.M. – Federazione Nazionale Cavità Artificiali)

Click on images to enlarge

Schmeelke K-H., Schmeelke M., German U-Boat Bunkers

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