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Translated Jeff Matthews

This is a a battery situated in the open air or in a casemate, hidden by the orillion and positioned in the sunken flank of the bastion. Its purpose was to flank the curtain wall and the adjacent bastion front and to control the area in front of the ditch. It was connected by tunnels and galleries to the internal spaces of the bastion. In modern fortifications it is a casemate separate from the main body of a fortification, generally equipped with machine guns and rapid-fire artillery, and situated in a single line against enemy fire. The traditore could be positioned at the entrance or could be positioned to control an especially delicate section around the fort. Fort Busa di Verla, built by the Austrians at the beginning of the 20th century on the high plateau of Vezzana was equipped with a traditor armed with two cannons, each 80 mm model 9.


Padovan Gianluca (ed. ), Archaeology of the Subsoil. Lectures and studies of artificial cavities. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1416, Oxford 2005.

Basilico Roberto et alii, Italian Cadastre of Artificial Cavities. Part 1. (Including introductory comments and a classification), B.A.R. International Series 1599, Oxford 2007.

Gianluca Padovan (Associazione S.C.A.M. – Federazione Nazionale Cavità Artificiali)

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Bastione (Borgatti M., La fortificazione permanente

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